Sicilian inland: Monti di Trapani


GAL ELIMOS, in collaboration with Ampioraggio Foundation, organized the second stage of the 2023 Jazz’Inn Festival, which took place in the village of Scopello from September 26 to September 30, 2023, presenting a comprehensive program of activities under the name Smartland.

Jazz’Inn Festival, introducted in 2027 as a unique open innovation forma, is at the forefront of connecting companies, public administrations, investors, start-ups, innovative SMEs, research centers, professionals, and tech buyers in a slow and informal networking environment, set in the picturesque landscapes of Italian villages.

The full article about Jazz’Inn and the participation of GAL ELIMOS  is available here for download.

GAL ELIMOS participates in the Rural Development Program for the Sicilian region.

In recent months, GAL ELIMOS has been working intensively on drafting the new strategy for the year 2024-2027, incorporating the pilot project and, more importantly, the entire concept of INCULTUM. Developing measures related to the quality of life in rural areas, essential services for the rural economy and population, village development and revitalization, and the protection and enhancement of rural, cultural, and archaeological heritage, the new strategy aims to secure funding through European funds not only to complete the INCULTUM project but also to sustain the idea in the future.

The full article about the new strategy is available here for download.

On October 30, 2023, an interesting conference titled “Food is Culture” took place at the Museo delle Marionette in Palermo, near Piazza Marina. This event was made possible thanks to the close collaboration being fostered between the GAL ELIMOS and the University of Palermo.

The full article about the event is available here for download.


Vineyards on the hills of Trapani, courtesy of Pietro Masi, photographer

The Monti di Trapani area is located in the north-western corner of the island of Sicily, in southern
Italy. Specifically, we will focus on three municipalities in Trapani province: Calatafimi-Segesta, Custonaci and Buseto Palizzolo.

Responsible partner: G.A.L. Elimos

This pilot case will be directly linked to the Spanish and to the Portuguese cases and will act as a cross border action.


The cultural landscape in the whole of this area has remained almost intact, except in large cities, allowing the fossilization of certain elements that today host relevant touristic potential. INCULTUM will focus on the three municipalities in the inland of the Trapani territory, which are away from traditional tourist itineraries but with great cultural potential:

1. Agrarian heritage: persistence of traditional irrigation systems, of clear Islamic legacy, especially in Calatafimi-Segesta, where previous projects (such as MEMOLA) documented numerous associated hydraulic systems and infrastructures (mills, irrigation channels, wells, fountains, watering holes), both in the urban area and the surrounding territory. The traditional use of water for irrigation still displays the inherited characteristics of Islamic culture, which can be an incentive for the creation of tourist resources while promoting the development of an economically depressed area. These traditional systems are still used today for the cultivation of native citrus varieties in gardens and orchards of great beauty.

2. Rural heritage built: represented by “bagli”, these are constructions linked to agricultural activity, dispersed habitat nuclei, many of them of clear Islamic origin, which have survived until recent times. They are buildings in which several families lived dedicated to cultivation, management of natural resources (soils and water) and, usually, livestock farming. In many cases they are monumental structures formed by several houses with associated elements such as watering holes, fountains, stables, chapels, etc.

3. Archaeological heritage: Thanks to previous projects (FP7 MEMOLA in particular) most outstanding elements of each population are known: Calatafimi-Segesta has the Castello Eufemio and the Borgo (old neighbourhood that retains part of its organizational structure despite the strong abandonment), Terravecchia (the neighbourhood from which the entire population emerges, linked to the castle) and churches of great artistic interest (Carmine, Crocifisso, etc.). Custonaci has Pizzo Monaco, a fortified granary from the Islamic era, dated to the 11th century. It is a unique structure in Italy, formed by a fortified enclosure with numerous inside cells dedicated to the storage of agricultural surpluses and the most precious goods of the members of the Islamic community that lived in a nearby settlement.

Finally, Buseto Palizzolo has Monte Luziano that seems to have been another fortified granary of Islamic times. These different archaeological elements are related to the daily activities of the different communities that have inhabited this territory over time.


Cultural routes based on agricultural heritage: The hydraulic elements, of clear Islamic origin, remain in the territory in a state of critical abandonment. The recovery of these elements (pools, ditches, wells, mills), can serve as a model of citizen participation as well as a stimulus to attract visitors. In addition, the reactivation of the crops of local species (orange and citrus) could be a very interesting focus of activity for the depressed local economy.

Cultural routes based on the archaeological heritage: these activities will be aimed at valuing the archaeological heritage, both of the fortified granaries of Pizzo Monaco and Monte Luziano, as well as the urban heritage of Calatafimi-Segesta, based on “community archaeology”. On the basis of previous experience, we know the strong social, and touristic, demand that these types of initiatives have and, therefore, the success that their organization implies.

Training: we will carry out activities that will allow local groups to be trained to carry out tourism initiatives in the territory.

Communities involved

Local communities from the municipalities involved, as well as local associations interested in rural sustainable heritage.

Expected results

Valorise the territory and the rural and archaeological heritage of an economically depressed area far from traditional tourist circuits. With the proposed actions we also want to give visibility to rural groups by empowering them as valid agents by complementing their traditional knowledge with innovative elements that attract visitors.

Associated partners

Municipalities of Custonaci, Buseto Palizzolo and Calatafimi Segesta and Associazione Bosco Angimbé.

Cross border and international nature of the pilot case

This pilot case will be directly linked to the Spanish and Portuguese cases and will act as a cross border action.


Irrigation canals cultural routes managed by local farmers communities

Water heritage discovery for a sustainable future

Local products and markets promotion

Digital oasis map and tools